Our National Days – Class 10 Social Notes Consists of the notes of the Chapter, download the Notes pdf and enjoy offline. To Download Pdf Notes Click on the Download Pdf Button at the Bottom of the Post.
Our National Days Keynotes
The Class 10 Social Studies chapter on “Our National Days” focuses on the important national days and festivals celebrated in Nepal. Some of the key points covered in the chapter are:
- Historical Background: Nepal has a rich history of cultural and religious traditions, which are celebrated through various national days and festivals. These events reflect the country’s diverse cultural practices and beliefs.
- Types of National Days: Nepal has a number of national days, including Republic Day, Independence Day, Martyr’s Day, Constitution Day, and National Unity Day. Each day has its own significance and is celebrated in various ways.
- Importance of National Days: National days play an important role in Nepali culture and society. They provide a sense of unity and identity among the people of Nepal and promote patriotism and national pride.
- Festivals: In addition to national days, Nepal has a number of festivals that are celebrated throughout the year. Some of the major festivals include Dashain, Tihar, and Holi. These festivals have their roots in Hindu and Buddhist traditions and are celebrated with great enthusiasm.
- Conservation and Preservation: The government and various organizations are working to conserve and preserve the cultural traditions and practices associated with national days and festivals. This includes promoting cultural awareness and education, as well as preserving historical sites and monuments.
Major National Days of Nepal
- Martyrs’ Day: This day is observed on the 16th of Magh every year to pay tribute to the martyrs who sacrificed their lives for democracy and civic rights. It is a week-long event that starts from the 10th of Magh and ends on the 16th of Magh. During this week, various events are organized, such as offering garlands and flowers, rallies, speech programs, and blood donation drives. People also visit the Sahid Gate near Tundikhel in Kathmandu and the Sahid Park in Hetauda to pay respect to the statues of the four martyrs, Shukra Raj Shastri, Dharma Bhakta Mathema, Ganga Lal Shrestha, and Dashrath Chand, who were instrumental in ending the autocratic Rana regime and establishing democracy in Nepal. Additionally, people visit Pachali, Teku, Shiphal, and Shobha Bhagvati, where the martyrs were executed. It is also an occasion to remember and pay homage to those who lost their lives during the People’s Movement of 2046 and 2062/63 BS.
- Children’s Day: This day is celebrated on the 29th of Bhadra every year to commemorate the adoption of the Convention on Child Rights by the UN General Assembly on the 20th of November 1989 AD. Nepal ratified the convention on the 14th of September 1990 AD (29th Bhadra 2047 BS). Various programs are organized on this day to raise awareness about children’s rights and promote their welfare, such as rallies, speech programs, sports events, and other activities.
- Constitution Day: This day is observed on the 3rd of Asoj every year to commemorate the promulgation and implementation of the Constitution of Nepal in 2072 BS.
- Democracy Day: This day is celebrated on the 7th of Falgun every year to mark the end of the Rana regime and the introduction of democracy in Nepal on the 7th of Falgun, 2007 BS. Various programs are organized on this day, such as rallies, speeches, competitions, afforestation, sanitation, blood donation drives, and the distribution of various items to the needy.
- Education Day: This day is observed on the 8th of September every year to mark World Literacy Day. The day honors those who have made significant contributions to the field of education, and various prizes are awarded to individuals who have excelled at different levels of education. The Ministry of Education, universities, and educational institutions organize various programs on this day to promote education.
- International Women’s Day: This day is celebrated on the 8th of March every year to raise awareness about women’s rights and promote gender equality. The UN General Assembly invited member states to proclaim the 8th of March as the UN Day for women’s rights and world peace, and it has been observed since 1977 AD. On this day, civil servants who are women are given a holiday in government offices, and various programs are organized to promote women’s education, rights, and equal opportunities.
- International Labor Day: This day is observed on the 1st of May every year to honor the contributions of laborers to society. It is a public holiday, and various programs are organized to promote the welfare and prosperity of laborers.
- Republic Day: This day is celebrated on the 15th of Jestha every year to commemorate the declaration of Nepal as a republic state by ending the monarchy on the same day in 2065 BS.
Overall, the chapter highlights the significance of national days and festivals in Nepali culture and society. It emphasizes the importance of preserving and passing down cultural traditions and practices associated with these events, as well as promoting cultural awareness and education.