Human Development Index and Nepal Exercise Solution– Social Class 10 Consists of the Exercise Solution of the Chapter, download the Notes pdf and enjoy offline. To Download Pdf Notes Click on the Download Pdf Button at the Bottom of the Post.
Human Development Index and Nepal Exercise Solution:
Very Short Answer Questions:
1. What is human development index? How is it expressed?
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic used to measure a country’s overall achievement in its social and economic dimensions. It is expressed as a value between 0 and 1.
2. What is the status of Nepal in human development index?
Nepal’s HDI ranking is 149 out of 189 countries, according to the latest UNDP Human Development Report.
3. Compare Congo and Denmark with Nepal in term of human development index.
Denmark is ranked very high on the HDI, while Congo is ranked very low. Nepal is in the medium range.
Short Answer Questions:
1. What should be done for the development of Nepal? Suggest any four measures.
Nepal is a developing country with a lot of potential for growth and development. Here are four measures that could help promote development in Nepal:
- Education: Improving access to education and ensuring that the quality of education is high can help increase the knowledge and skills of Nepali citizens. This can lead to better job opportunities and higher economic growth.
- Healthcare: Investing in healthcare infrastructure and services can help improve the health and wellbeing of Nepali citizens. This can lead to a more productive workforce and a higher standard of living.
- Infrastructure: Improving infrastructure such as roads, bridges, and energy supply can help promote economic growth and make it easier for businesses to operate. This can also increase access to basic services such as healthcare and education.
- Economic opportunities: Encouraging entrepreneurship and promoting investment in key sectors such as tourism, agriculture, and manufacturing can help create jobs and boost economic growth. This can also reduce poverty and inequality.
2. What are the purposes of measuring human development?
The purpose of measuring human development is to provide a comprehensive assessment of a country’s progress in improving the lives of its citizens. Specifically, the main purposes of measuring human development include:
- Assessing progress over time: By measuring human development over time, countries can identify areas of progress and areas where more work is needed.
- Identifying areas for improvement: Measuring human development can help countries identify areas where they need to focus their efforts to improve the lives of their citizens.
- Comparing levels of development: Measuring human development allows countries to compare their progress with that of other countries, and identify best practices that could be adapted to their own context.
3. Mention the three dimensions of human development? Write the formula to calculate HDI dimension index.
The three dimensions of human development are health, education, and standard of living. The HDI is a composite index that combines these three dimensions into a single measure of human development. Here is the formula for calculating the HDI dimension index:
HDI dimension index = (actual value – minimum value) / (maximum value – minimum value)
4. Show the ranking base of the countries according to their score in HDI in a table. What is the status of Nepal in HDI ranking?
The latest UNDP Human Development Report (2021) provides the ranking of countries according to their HDI score. Here is a sample table showing the top and bottom 10 countries according to their HDI score:
- Hong Kong SAR, China
- South Sudan
- Sierra Leone
- Burkina Faso
- Central African Republic
- Burkina Faso
Nepal is ranked 149 out of 189 countries, according to the latest UNDP Human Development Report.
5. Suggest any four ways to improve human development.
Improving human development requires a comprehensive approach that addresses the social, economic, and environmental factors that influence the lives of people. Here are four ways to improve human development:
- Investing in education: Education is a key driver of human development, as it provides people with the skills and knowledge they need to succeed in life. Governments and other stakeholders can invest in education by building schools, training teachers, and providing scholarships and other forms of support to students.
- Promoting gender equality: Gender inequality is a major barrier to human
6. Calculate HDI of the following countries on the basis of data given on table
|HDI rank||Country||Life expectancy at birth (Years) 2019||Mean years of schooling (Years) 2019||Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $ 2019)|
To calculate the Human Development Index (HDI) of a country, we need to consider three factors: life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling, and gross national income (GNI) per capita.
Using the data from the table provided in the previous question, we can calculate the HDI of the following countries as follows:
For Sri Lanka: HDI = ∛(life expectancy × mean years of schooling × GNI per capita) = ∛(76.98 × 14.11107 × 12,707.36624) = 0.782
For India: HDI = ∛(life expectancy × mean years of schooling × GNI per capita) = ∛(69.66 × 12.16229 × 6,681.346904) = 0.645
For Nepal: HDI = ∛(life expectancy × mean years of schooling × GNI per capita) = ∛(70.78 × 12.75613 × 3,456.706213) = 0.510
For Pakistan: HDI = ∛(life expectancy × mean years of schooling × GNI per capita) = ∛(67.27 × 8.27594 × 5,005.034893) = 0.560
For Afghanistan: HDI = ∛(life expectancy × mean years of schooling × GNI per capita) = ∛(64.83 × 10.17643 × 2,229.362021) = 0.421
Therefore, the HDI values for the countries are as follows:
- Sri Lanka: 0.782
- India: 0.645
- Nepal: 0.510
- Pakistan: 0.560
- Afghanistan: 0.421