Election Process in Nepal – Class 10 Social Notes Consists of the notes of the Chapter, download the Notes pdf and enjoy offline. To Download Pdf Notes Click on the Download Pdf Button at the Bottom of the Post.
Election Process in Nepal Key Notes:
Here are some key notes on the social subject chapter on Election Process in Nepal:
Importance of Election:
- Elections are a fundamental aspect of democracy, as they provide citizens with an opportunity to choose their leaders and participate in the political process.
- Elections are a mechanism for holding governments accountable and ensuring that they are responsive to the needs and aspirations of the people.
- Elections promote political stability and legitimacy by providing a peaceful and orderly means of transferring power.
- Elections in Nepal are conducted according to the provisions of the Constitution and the Election Act.
- The Election Commission of Nepal is responsible for conducting elections and ensuring that they are free, fair, and transparent.
- The election process in Nepal involves several stages, including the nomination of candidates, campaigning, voting, and counting of votes.
Bodies to Conduct Election:
- The Election Commission of Nepal is the main body responsible for conducting elections in Nepal.
- The District Election Office and the Constituency Election Office assist the Election Commission in conducting elections at the local and constituency levels, respectively.
- The Electoral Roll is a list of eligible voters in a particular constituency.
- The Electoral Roll is prepared by the Election Commission based on the census and other data.
- The Electoral Roll is used to verify the identity of voters and ensure that they are eligible to vote.
Qualification of the Candidate for the Member of Federal Parliament:
- To be eligible to contest for the Member of Federal Parliament in Nepal, a person must be a citizen of Nepal, at least 25 years of age, and meet certain other criteria.
- A candidate must also be nominated by a political party or obtain a certain number of signatures from eligible voters.
- Nepal uses a mixed electoral system for the election of Members of Federal Parliament.
- Under this system, some Members are elected through a first-past-the-post (FPTP) system, while others are elected through a proportional representation (PR) system.
- Nepal is divided into 77 electoral constituencies for the purpose of electing Members of Federal Parliament.
- Each constituency elects one Member through the FPTP system and a certain number of Members through the PR system.
- In Nepal, a political party must obtain at least 3% of the total valid votes cast in the PR system to be eligible for a seat in the Federal Parliament.
- This threshold is intended to ensure that only parties with significant popular support are represented in the Parliament.