BSc 1st Year Physics Syllabus 2023 (Latest) – Download PDF

BSc 1st Year Physics Syllabus 2023

BSc 1st Year Physics Syllabus 2023 is Revised in 2075 as Bachelors Course is Upgraded into 4 Years from 3 Years in the Name of Practical Education. We aren’t Talking about whether it was a good Move or a Bad Move as a lot of bachelor’s Colleges are about to shut down their business due to the lack of Students; today we will understand the newest syllabus of BSc Physics.

Overview of BSc 1st Year Physics

If You Have Passed +2 in Science then you will be eligible to study Bachelor of Science(BSc). There are two groups in the Science Stream:

  1. Physical
  2. Biological

The Physical group can go into Physical subjects and the Biological group can go towards Biology Subjects & Physics is the Major Subject of BSc 1st Year Physical Group Students.

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BSc 1st Year Physics Full Course

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BSc 1st Year Physics Course Structure

In BSc 1st Year Physics Syllabus 2023 Course Structure, there are 3 Major Units in BSc 1st Year Physics, Which are:

  1. Mechanics – 40 Marks
  2. Thermodynamics – 30 Marks
  3. Statistical Physics – 10 Marks
  4. Electricity & Magnetism – 40 Marks
BSc 1st Year Physics Syllabus 2023

BSc 1st Year Physics Syllabus 2023

Course Contents:

  1. Review of Laws of Motion: 1.1 Dynamics of a particle, General equations of motion, Types of
    forces, Conservation laws, Work-Energy theorem, Conservative forces, 1.2 Motion of a body near
    the surface of the earth, Linear restoring force, Potential energy curve, Non-conservative forces.
    [3 hours]
  2. Linear and Angular Momentum: 2.1 Conservation of linear momentum, Centre of mass,
    Collision of two particles, 2.2 Deflection of a moving particle by a particle at rest, Rocket,
    Angular momentum and torque, 2.3 Motion under a central force, Areal velocity, 2.4 Examples of
    conservation of angular momentum. [5 hours]
  3. Gravitational Potentials and Fields: 3.1 Central Forces, Inverse square-law of force, 3.2
    Gravitational field and potential, Velocity of escape, 3.3 Potential and field due to a thin spherical
    shell and due to a solid sphere, Gravitational self-energy, 3.4 Gauss‟s and Poisson‟s equation for
    the gravitational field, 3.5 Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, 3.6 Deduction of Newton‟s law of
    gravitation from Kepler‟s Laws. [7 hours]
  4. Dynamics of Rigid Bodies: 4.1 Equations of motion for a rotating rigid body, 4.2 Theorems on
    the moment of inertia (M.I.), M.I. of a rectangular lamina, Solid uniform bar of rectangular crosssection, Circular disc, Solid cylinder, Solid sphere, and spherical shell, 4.3 Kinetic energy of rotating and rolling bodies, 4.4 Motion of a body rolling down an inclined plane, 4.5 Reduction of
    two-body problems to a single-body problem. [6 hours]
  5. Harmonic Oscillator: 5.1 Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and harmonic oscillator, 5.2
    Examples of harmonic oscillator, Simple pendulum, Compound pendulum, 5.3 Mass-spring
    system, 5.4 Torsional pendulum, 5.5 Helmholtz resonator, 5.6 Oscillation of two particles
    connected by a spring, N-coupled oscillators, 5.7 Damping force, Damped and forced harmonic
    oscillator, 5.8 Power dissipation, Quality factor, 5.9 Power absorption. [8 hours]
  6. Wave Motion: 6.1 General equation of wave motion, 6.2 Equation of plane progressive harmonic
    wave, 6.3 Particle velocity and wave velocity, 6.4 Energy density for a plane progressive wave,
    4th year B.Sc. syllabus-2073 revised Page 61
    6.5 Intensity of wave and spherical waves, 6.6 Transverse waves in stretched strings, Modes of
    vibration, 6.7 Longitudinal waves in rods and gases, 6.8 Flow of energy in stationary waves.
    [7 hours]
  7. Elasticity: 7.1 Relations connecting various elastic constants, 7.2 Angle of twist and angle of
    shear, 7.3 Twisting couple on a cylindrical rod or wire, 7.4 Work done in twisting a rod or wire,
    7.5 Bending of beams, Bending moment, 7.6 Cantilever, 7.7 Beam supported at its ends and
    loaded in the middle. [8 hours]
  8. Fluid Mechanics – Viscosity: 8.1 Kinematics of moving fluid, 8.2 Equation of continuity, 8.3
    Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications, 8.4 Viscous fluids, Streamline and turbulent flow,
    Critical velocity, 8.5 Reynold’s number, 8.6 Poiseuille’s equation, Capillaries in series and
    parallel. [6 hours]
    Course Contents:
  9. Thermodynamic Fundamental Concepts: 9.1 Thermodynamic systems, Thermal and
    thermodynamic equilibrium, Equation of state, Thermodynamic processes, 9.2 External and
    internal work, Internal energy, Quasi-static, Isothermal, Adiabatic, Isobaric, and isochoric
    processes. [3 hours]
  10. Laws of Thermodynamics and Their Application: 10.1 Zeroth law, First law of
    thermodynamics, Second law of thermodynamics, 10.2 Carnot‟s theorem, 10.3 Absolute scale of
    temperature, 10.4 Entropy changes in reversible and irreversible processes, Principle of increase
    of entropy, 10.5 Entropy and second law, 10.6 Third law of thermodynamics and its applications.
    [6 hours]
  11. Thermodynamic Relations: 11.1 First and second latent heat equations, 11.2 Triple points,
    Thermodynamic potentials, 11.3 Helmholtz‟s function, Enthalpy, 11.4 Gibb‟s function, 11.5
    Maxwell‟s thermodynamic relations, Phase transition, 11.6 Clausius-Clapeyron equation.
    [6 hours]
  12. Concept of Ideal and Real Gases: 12.1 Concept of ideal and real gases, 12.2 Joule expansion,
    Joule‟s law for perfect gas, 12.3 van der Waals equation, Critical constants of van der Waals gas,
    12.4 Joule-Thomson expansion, Porous plug experiment, 12.5 Constancy of enthalpy, Adiabatic
    expansion. [5 hours]
  13. Production of Low Temperature: 13.1 Thermodynamics of refrigeration, Refrigeration cycle,
    Co-efficient of performance, 13.2 Cooling in Joule-Thomson expansion, Regenerative cooling,
    Cascade cooling, 13.3 Boyle‟s temperature of inversion, 13.4 Critical temperature and their
    relations, 13.5 Liquefaction of Helium and its properties. [4 hours]
  14. Transport Phenomenon: 14.1 Molecular collisions, Collision cross-section, Molecular diameter,
    Mean free path, 14.2 Transport phenomenon, Transport of momentum – viscosity, 14.3 Transport
    of energy – thermal conductivity, 14.4 Transport of mass – diffusion, 14.5 Brownian motion,
    Einstein‟s theory of Brownian motion. [5 hours]
  15. Black Body Radiation: 15.1 Total energy density, Spectral energy density, 15.2 Emissive power,
    Absorptive power, Kirchoff‟s law, 15.3 Pressure of radiation, Pressure of diffusive radiation,
    Stefan-Boltzmann‟s law, 15.4 Spectrum of black body radiation, Wien‟s displacement law, 15.5
    Planck‟s radiation law, Rayleigh-Jean‟s law. [6 hours]
    4th year B.Sc. syllabus-2073 revised
    Course Contents:
  16. Classical statistical physics: 16.1 Phase space, Microstate, Macrostate, 16.2 Ensemble,
    Constraints and accessible states, 16.3 Thermodynamic probability, 16.4 Fundamental postulates
    of statistical mechanics, 16.5 Division of phase space into cells, 16.5 Boltzmann‟s canonical
    distribution law, 16.6 Maxwell’s distribution law of velocities, 16.7 Maxwell-Boltzmann
    statistics, 16.7 Law of equipartition of energy. [10 hours]
  17. Introduction to Quantum Statistical Physics: 17.1 Bose-Einstein statistics, 17.2 Fermi-Dirac
    statistics, 17.3 Black body radiation, 17.4 Electron gas in metals, 17.5 Fermi energy. [5 hours]
    Course Contents:
  18. Elementary Vector Analysis: 18.1 Gradient of a scalar, Divergence, and curl of a vector in
    cartesian coordinates, 18.2 Divergence in polar coordinates, 18.3 Gauss’s, Stoke’s and Green’s
    theorems, 18.4 Laplacian in polar coordinate system, 18,5 Laplace’s and Poisson’s equation.
    [5 hours]
  19. Electrostatic Potential and Field: 19.1 Coulomb’s law, Electric Potential energy of a system of
    charges, Electric field strength, Electric flux, 19.2 Gauss’s law and its applications, 19.3 Electric
    potential and the line integral of the electric field, 19.4 Equipotential surface, Potential and field
    due to an electric dipole, Potential due to an infinitely long charged wire, Potential and field due
    to an uniformly charged disc, 19.5 Force on a surface charge, 19.6 Method of electrical images.
    [7 hours]
  20. Electric Fields in Dielectrics: 20.1 A dipole in an electric field, Polar and non-polar molecules,
    20.2 Dielectric polarization, Electric field due to a polarized dielectric (three electric vectors),
    20.3 Gauss’s law in dielectric, Energy stored in an electric field in the presence of dielectric,
    Boundary conditions on field vectors, Molecular field in a dielectric, 20.4 The Clausius-Mossotti
    relation, Polar molecules, 20.5 The Langevin Debye formula. [6 hours]
  21. Magnetic Fields of Moving Charges: 21.1 Magnetic fields and the magnetic flux, 21.2 BiotSavart’s law and its applications, 20.3 Lorentz force, Ampere’s circuital law, and its applications,
    Curl B and div B, 20.4 Magnetic vector and scalar potentials, 20.5 Magnetic dipoles, 20.6 Force
    between current carrying parallel wires. [6 hours]
  22. Magnetic Properties and Fields: 22.1 The absence of isolated magnetic poles, 22.2 Magnetic
    dipole moment of the current loop and angular momentum, Magnetization, 22.3 Langevin’s theory of
    diamagnetism and paramagnetism, 22.4 Theory of ferromagnetism, 22.5 Energy loss due to
    hysteresis, 22.6 Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Ferrites. [6 hours]
  23. Electromagnetic Inductions: 23.1 Faraday’s law, Skin effect, 23.2 Moving coil ballistic
    galvanometer, Search coil, Flux meter, Earth inductor, Self and mutual induction, 23.3
    Reciprocity theorem of mutual inductances, Self-inductance of a solenoid, Toroid, and two long
    parallel wires, 23.4 Energy stored in a magnetic field, Transformer. [4 hours]
    4th year B.Sc. syllabus-2073 revised
  24. Varying Currents: 24.1 Charging and discharging of a condenser through a resistance, 24.2 Rise
    and decay of current in LR & LC circuit, 24.3 Charging and discharging of a capacitor through
    inductance and resistance. [3 hours]
  25. Alternating Current Circuit: 25.1 The complex number method for AC analysis, Impedance,
    Reactance and admittance, 25.2 LCR circuits, Phase diagrams, Sharpness of resonance, 25.3
    Quality factor, Power factor. [4 hours]
  26. Maxwell’s Electromagnetic Equations: 26.1 The displacement current, Maxwell’s equations and
    their use in propagation of the electromagnetic wave, 26.2 Poynting vector, Derivation of Gauss’s
    theorem, 26.3 Faraday’s law, Lenz law, 26.3 Biot-Savrat’s law and Ampere’s circuital law, 26.4
    Energy of a charged particle in an electromagnetic field, 26.5 Reflection and refraction of
    electromagnetic waves at the interface between two media, 26.6 Plane wave solution of
    Maxwell‟s equations, The wave equation, 26.7 Plane electromagnetic waves in isotropic dielectric
    and in conducting media. [9 hours]
    Text Books:
  27. Mathur D. S. (Revised by P. S. Hemne) – Mechanics, S. Chand and Company, Revised Ed.
  28. Singhal S. S., Agarwal J. P., Prakash S. – Heat, Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics,
    Pragati Prakashan, Meerut, 21st Ed. (2009)
  29. Reitz J. R., Milford F. J., Christy R. W. – Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory, Narosa
    Publishing House, New Delhi, 3rd Ed. (1998)
    Reference Books:
  30. Upadhyaya J. C. – Mechanics, Ram Prasad and Sons, Agra, 4th Ed (1994)
  31. Verma M. K. – Introduction to Mechanics, University Press (India) Pvt. Ltd., 1st Ed. (2008)
  32. Sears F. W., Salinger G. L. – Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory and Statistical
    Thermodynamics, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, 3rd Ed. (1998)
  33. Lal Brij and Subrahmanyam N. – Heat and Thermodynamics, S. Chand and Company, New
    Delhi, 16th Ed. (1994)
  34. Reif F. – Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics, McGraw Hill, Delhi (1985)
  35. Kittel C., Kroemer H. – Thermal Physics, CBS Publishers, New Delhi, 2nd Ed. (1987)
  36. Arora V. P., Saxena M. C., Prakash S. – Electricity and Magnetism: Pragati Prakashan,
    Meerut, 18th Ed. (2007)
  37. Laud B. B.– Electromagnetics, Wiley Eastern Limited, 2nd Ed. (1992)
  38. Griffiths D. J. – Introduction to Electrodynamics, PHI India, New Delhi, 3rd Ed. (2002)

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